Wednesday, June 10, 2020

Security Protocols SSL, Convergence And Dane - 1100 Words

Security Protocols: SSL, Convergence And Dane (Essay Sample) Content: SECURITY PROTOCOLSOver the years, many of our internet users have been working under a threat, in that their communication information is always prone to people with malicious intentions over the computer network. Therefore a need to create not just a system but a protocol that will prevent such cases. In addition to that, it will provide a free and secure platform for everyone who needs to communicate through the internet. This is what gave birth to all these protocols that we know of and of which the commonly used one is the Secure Sockets Layer (SSL).In our modern world, almost everything relies on SSL, from the Internet commerce to the real world commerce.A trusted environment is one of the most important components when one considers starting and online business since the people you will be working with need to be confident when purchasing your goods. This security is ensured by the SSL where one is granted a certificate that has two keys, a private and a public key by which these two keys work hand in hand to ensure an encrypted connection. In order to get this certificate, one has to create a certificate signing request an then send it to the Certificate Authority (CA) together with the public key. The CA then generates the private key and sends it to the individual of which even the CA cannot see this key. Then once you have received your certificate, you install it on your server together with an immediate certificate that ensures the credibility of your SSL certificate through bonding it with your CA root certificate. SSL is a security protocol and as we all know, protocols define how algorithms should or should not be used. It secures millions of data on the internet for people such as login passwords, credit card numbers and social security numbers.( Tuengerthal, 2013)After the development of the SSL protocol, a man by the name Moxie Marlinspike on the August of 2011, proposed the Convergence strategy which would be used to replace t he SSL certificate authorities. This type of protocol was aimed to reduce all the current problems with the CA system to a single missing property which would be known as trust agility. In convergence, man-in-the-middle (MITM) attacks would be detected by third party public servers called notaries which will act as the remote observers. With the SSL protocol, many people were prone to these MITM attacks. With the invention of convergence, however, there were a lot of redundancies and a reduced number of failures. This was enabled simply because several notaries would vouch for a site. Even though a user might not trust the notary, a non-malicious site could as well be chosen given the fact that the several remaining notaries vouch for it. However, convergence did not succeed in reaching wide-spread deployment as most of the technical glitches that were experienced in SSL used to bite convergence as well.A number of technologies have been competing as to which will provide the soluti on of the MiTM ever since convergence. A new protocol called the DNS-based Authentication of Named Entities (DANE) has emerged that allows you to securely specify which SSL certificate to connect to your own site. In the past few years, certificates have been offered to those well-known domains that never use their own domain. This is a big problem in that any breach of the CA could offer a certificate issued to any domain. However, DANE avoids this type of problems rendering it the better of the security protocols available. Apart from the internet, DANE is being used in securing communication over email and other instant messaging protocols. (Bella, 2007)In the process of finding a replacement to SSL due to the security vulnerabilities, convergence proposed that people will get browsers add on that completely replaces the CA infrastructure once it is activated. The add on will work on a principle that whenever you visit any SSL site, the browser will contact two or more remote par ties and ask them to check for you if the site is safe. Only then will you the user decide on whether to trust the site. In addition to that, one also gets the opportunity to choose to trust a certificate and that only applies when the user has seen the certificate in a number of sites. Here the user is advised on not to rush but take his time to assess the certificate and choose whether to trust it. DANE on the other end tends to introduce trust anchor assertions, which will enable the operator of a certain domain to advertise another trust anchor where the certificates of the domain are issued. Althou...

Monday, May 25, 2020

Effects Of Sports On Sports Performance - 1932 Words

The importance of vision in sports is a subject that triggers everyone’s awareness for the past couple years .In fact, with the increasing of people playing sports as a recreational activity or at a professional level, it is becoming more relevant than ever to stress the type of eye injuries that can happen while practicing a sport and the best way to protect ourselves. Whether it’s basketball, football, baseball or any type of sports human in general, is more exposed than ever to eye injuries. According to the book sport vision care for the enhancement of sports performance â€Å" sports - related ocular injuries account for 33000 to 100000 of the estimated 2.4 million eye injuries that occur in the US annually† (Brumitt Erickson, p. 139). Furthermore, eye injuries are the number cause of blindness and ocular morbidity in children (Brumitt Erickson, p. 139). Traumatic eye injury, according to the sports-medical organization sports eye injuries remain the s econd most common cause of visual impairment, behind only cataracts. Moreover, every year, nearly 15 percent of the 2.5 million eye injuries in the United States occur during sporting activities. Of these injuries, 42,000 are severe enough to warrant an emergency department visit, and approximately 13,500 result in legal blindness (R.A., D., TS, 2012). All those facts reunite prove that sports related ocular injuries should be a concern for everybody. This paper will focus on the diverse type of injuries that canShow MoreRelatedSports Performance And The Side Effects On Sports1910 Words   |  8 Pagesfor excellence in sports, the use of steroids or other supplements often times may be a cause for disqualification in a sports event. Many athletes today subscribe to the idea that steroids should be allowed in sports competition. They admit that steroid and supplement use enhances natural athletic ability and endurance and, thus, promotes athletes to perform better in competition. These same athletes are convinced that doctors and the government advance the â€Å"side effect† argument mostlyRead MoreThe Effects Of Psychological Emotional On Sport Performance1582 Words   |  7 Pagesaffects of psychological emotional states on sport performance Literature Review In Martin and Gill’s experiment done in 1991, the relationship among trait and state psychological variables and performance in male high school distance runners were measured. 73 male middle and long distance runners ranging from 14 to 18 years of age were used to examine trait and state psychological variables and performance. A Competitive Orientation Inventory and Sport Orientation Questionnaire were used to measureRead MoreThe effects of Creatine in Sports Performance Essay878 Words   |  4 Pagesinvolved. All research articles were double blind with placebo groups to prevent the effects of bias and placebo effects. All research was done within the previous 16 years and a balance of gender was aimed for in order to be unbiased but resources were mainly male orientated. Time period was not contained as a variety of short and long term supplementation is good to compare the different effects of sports performance over different durations of supplementation. Age of subje cts in experiment weren’tRead MoreThe Effects Of Personality And Motivation On Sports Performance3716 Words   |  15 PagesIn this report, I am going to talk about the effects of personality and motivation on sports performance and I will do this by looking at the different theories relating to sports performance and how sports athletes deal with the effects of personality and motivation in sports performances. What is personality and how does it affect sports performance? Personality is the sum of a person’s individual characteristics that make him/her unique. (Adams et al, 2010) A person’s personality determines howRead MoreThe Effect of Personality and Motivation on Sports Performance2783 Words   |  12 PagesFor this assignment I will explain the effect of personality and motivation on sports performance. Introduction Personality is the sum of a person’s individual characteristics that make him/her unique. (Adams et al, 2010) A person’s personality determines how they react in certain situations, their general mood and the consistency of it and their emotions. Personality can affect many aspects of sport right from the selection process because as well as raw talent, coaches need performers toRead MoreEffects Of Performance Enhancing Drug Usage In Sports1056 Words   |  5 PagesPerformance Enhancing Drug Usage in Sports: Winning at any Cost Performance Enhancing Drugs are frequently used by sporting professionals, though major sports organizations have prohibited their usage as a result of the negative attributes and effects correlated with continuous intake of these drugs. Many nations are concerned by the flourishing amount of incidents during the usage of steroids advertised by the sports athletes. Professional athletes, such as baseball players, have been in the spotlightRead MoreCaffeine And Sport Performance : Caffeine Is The Most Loved And Widely Used Stimulants1538 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction: Caffeine and Sport Performance Interestingly, caffeine is the most loved and widely used stimulants in America. According to the CNBC’s news reports, it stated Americans ingested their daily caffeine intake to about 400 million cups (Wapner, 2011). In fact, caffeine can be found in a variety of dietary sources, such as coffee, tea, chocolate, some soda and energy drinks, as well as some nonprescription medications. It is considered as a legal drug and consumed by all people in theRead MoreSports Will Either Be A School Of Virtue Or A School Of1254 Words   |  6 PagesSports will either be a school of virtue or a school of vice, and that s why the epidemic of cheating in professional sports is, and ought to be, a huge cultural concern† (Landry, 2012, para. 1). Professional sports are littered with cheating scandals and as technology advances so will access to new and clever techniques. There are many ways to cheat in sports, such as fixing games, placing bets on teams, lying about your age, and the biggest one of them all, taking performance enhancing substancesRead MoreAnabolic Steroid Use in Sports Summary1493 Words   |  6 Pagesuse in Sports The competitive drive to win at all cost is fierce among athletes. Winning at all cost often includes using one of many performance enhancing drugs such as anabolic steroids. Many athletes use performance enhancing drugs, like steroids, to achieve higher goals and set higher records than other drug-free successful athletes. Although athletes are performing at higher levels when using such drugs, what is the cost? Finally anabolic steroids should remain banned from sports becauseRead MorePerformance Enhancing Drugs Should Be Legal1384 Words   |  6 PagesPerformance enhancing drugs must be made legal in professional sports. Professional athletes would not be given free reign of all the PEDs available in the world, but rather a new set of rules would be issued. The rules would allow athletes to meet or exceed their maximum abilities as humans while making it safer than the modern state. If made legal the potential results of PEDs would be tested and altered appropriately to create the safest, most impactful drugs; however, in the current situation

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Autobiography Assessment Of Bernard Baruch - 2726 Words

Autobiography Assessment of Bernard Baruch Steven Baldwin HIST 4750 10/4/2014 Bernard Baruch who was referred to as, ‘the park bench statesman’ is an American icon who made his fortune on Wall Street. Historical records indicate that, though he had many challenges, he managed to succeed in many diverse fields. In his life, Baruch was a man of many different ventures and was involved in many different facets of the American infrastructure. As documented, one of his greatest endeavors was the time in his life during which he provided service to his country as an adviser in the economic sector. These services were mainly offered during both WWI and WWII. He further provided his services as a confidant to six United States presidents. Among many the jobs that he held, some are as follows: an American financier, statesman, stock investor, philanthropist and a political consultant in the United States. Bernard Baruch is well known for his success in almost all facets of businesses that he got involved. These achievements, helped Baruch become rec ognized and classified as one of the greatest achievers in America. Baruch’s father, Simon, was a German who came to America in 1855 to avoid the Prussian conscription. Baruch was born on August 19, 1870 in Camden, South Carolina. Baruch went to work for Mannes Baum who was the owner of a general store in Camden. With the help of Baum whom he worked for as a bookkeeper, Baruch learned English. He and his familyShow MoreRelatedDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words   |  1617 Pages mymanagementlab is an online assessment and preparation solution for courses in Principles of Management, Human Resources, Strategy, and Organizational Behavior that helps you actively study and prepare material for class. Chapter-by-chapter activities, including built-in pretests and posttests, focus on what you need to learn and to review in order to succeed. Visit www.mymanagementlab.com to learn more. DEVELOPING MANAGEMENT SKILLS EIGHTH EDITION David A. Whetten BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY Read MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 PagesConflicts 21 †¢ Creating a Positive Work Environment 22 †¢ Improving Ethical Behavior 22 Coming Attractions: Developing an OB Model 23 An Overview 23 †¢ Inputs 24 †¢ Processes 25 †¢ Outcomes 25 Summary and Implications for Managers 30 S A L Self-Assessment Library How Much Do I Know About Organizational Behavior? 4 Myth or Science? â€Å"Most Acts of Workplace Bullying Are Men Attacking Women† 12 An Ethical Choice Can You Learn from Failure? 24 glOBalization! Does National Culture Affect Organizational

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Factors That Increase The Probability That A Parent Or...

The Children of Abuse There are various factors that will increase the probability that a parent or caregiver will abuse a child. These factors are associated with the financial state of the family and the status or age of the parent when they became a parent, â€Å"children living with single parents are more likely to live in poverty with fewer social supports, which may contribute to stress and increase risks of maltreatment† (American Psychological Association, 2016), this is also an indicator for perpetrators to skillfully maneuver their caring ways into the child’s life to abuse them. â€Å"Infants and young children are also at risk with parents with strained financial statuses, because they are small and need constant care, and are more likely to experience certain forms of maltreatment such as being shaken by parents or caregivers frustrated or overwhelmed by persistent crying. Teenagers, on the other hand, are at greater risk for sexual abuse† (APA, 2016). Dr. Langberg s tates that 20 to 40 percent of the females, typically beginning at age 6 and 20 percent of males, beginning at the age of 10 who are at risk, will be sexually abused by the age 18 years old (Langberg, 2003). Children in violent homes may be victims of physical or they may be neglected by their parents or caregivers who may be focusing on their partners, which causes an unresponsiveness to the children, ultimately causing forms of neglect. If these children have any physical, emotional or cognitiveShow MoreRelatedResearch Portfolio Assignment : Child Development And Children s Services1502 Words   |  7 PagesPortfolio Assignment is Child Development and Children’s Services. Research under this cluster will address the harmful impacts of child neglect and abuse, as well as the development of intervention strategies to help prevent child maltreatment. Child neglect and abuse bring about long-term impacts on the victim’s physical and mental health that result into hi gh expenditures by governments, health care systems and social welfare institutions. Knowledge obtained from research under Child Development and Children’sRead MoreEffect of Child Abuse in Our Society1405 Words   |  6 Pages EFFECT OF CHILD ABUSE IN OUR SOCIETY INTRODUCTION Child abuse is the physical, sexual, emotional abandonment and/or maltreatment of a child. Child abuse is a latent function of some families that is not intended but happens anyway. Child abuse is often seen differently, depending on various cultures, societies, and groups. We as a society cannot really understand the effect of â€Å"Child Abuse in Our Society† unless we have the grasp knowledge of what child abuse actually is. This paperRead MoreEffects Of Neglect On Child Welfare System1357 Words   |  6 Pageschildren were reported to Child Protective Services (CPS) with concerns of neglect or abuse (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2012). Out of those four million reports, approximately 563,000 children were found to be victims of substantiated neglect, as reported and inspected by CPS (DePanifilis, 2006). In 2002, 1400 children died as a result of abuse or neglect (Harder, 2005). Cases of neglect occur roughly three times more (75%) than cases of physical a buse alone (18.3%), five timesRead MoreThe Impact Of Health Care On Child Abuse And Neglect1301 Words   |  6 PagesRunning Head: THE IMPACT OF FOSTERR CARE The Impact of Foster Care Child Abuse and Neglect Center for Child Advocacy Fall 2014 October 21, 2014 Ebony S. Williams Montclair State University The Impact of Foster Care Abstract As an intake (investigation) worker in New Jersey’s child protection agency I always think about the act of placing children in foster care. Placing a child in foster care is one of the tasks under my job description that at times seems roboticRead MoreLegal And Social Acknowledgement Of Corporal Punishment926 Words   |  4 PagesThere are numerous contributory factors to child physical abuse, one of which is a legal and social acknowledgement of corporal punishment supported by cultural norms in several countries. In the name of discipline maintenance, spanking, hitting or beating, as common forms of physical punishment, are generally believed to be effective in behaviour and action management. In the U.S, it is considered acceptable and legitimate to spank or slap a child at the age of 12 (Straus et al., 1980; cited inRead MoreEffects Of Childhood Maltreatment On Children s Development1243 Words   |  5 PagesChildren’s Development â€Å"27% percent, of the 702,000 victims of Childhood Maltreatment, are under the age of Three.† (Child Maltreatment, 2014) The World Health Organization defines child maltreatment as â€Å"abuse and neglect that occurs to children under 18 years of age.† (Child Maltreatment, 2016) -Examples of Child Maltreatment include: physical and/or emotional ill-treatment, sexual abuse, neglect, negligence and commercial or other exploitation. The maltreatment of children affects many areas areRead MoreEnvironmental Factors Of Juvenile Delinquency988 Words   |  4 PagesDuring a child’s development many environmental factors can affect a child’s behavioral outcome. Knowing this, what environmental factors cause juvenile delinquency? â€Å"Each year, approximately 1.5 million adolescents are arrested in the United States, most are repeat offenders, and, in 2008 one in eight violent crimes was attributed to juveniles† (Leverso, Bielby, Hoelter, 2015, p 1). Understanding the environmental causes of juvenile delinquency allows society to better protect children from becomingRead MoreChild Welfare And The United States Department Of Justice1692 Words   |  7 Pagesexperiences with violence whether primary or secondary, can cause serious psychological trauma to a child and in worst case scenarios death. The 2009 survey by the Department of Justice also found that children exposed to any form of violence were more likely to engage in violence in the future and almost forty percent of these children were exposed to multiple acts of violence ( pg.2). The Bureau for Child Welfare defines four main types of maltreatment as physical, psychological/emotional, sexual andRead MoreHistorical Issues of Drug Abuse and Caregivers531 Words   |  2 PagesHistorical Issues of Drug Abuse and Caregivers Parents or caregivers are faced with many challenges that could limit their ability to provide for their child’s physical and/or emotional needs. Chronic drug use can add to these issues such as, financial resources (employment stability), unstable housing, familial history of abuse, legal problems, problems with physical and mental health conditions, and lack of social support from family and friends due to isolation and drug use behaviors. PhysiologicallyRead MoreChild Sexual Abuse Is A Problem That Affects People Around The Globe Essay1368 Words   |  6 PagesIntroduction Child abuse or maltreatment is a problem that affects people around the globe. â€Å"In every country, studies have established a prevalence of abuse far exceeding the scope of the problem that would be inferred from the number of cases that were officially reported† (Finkelhor, 1984). While there are different forms of child abuse or maltreatment which include physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse and child neglect, sexual abuse is the most common form. The scope of this paper will

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Discrimination Of The Science Industry Essay - 950 Words

Discrimination of Women in Science Men have been known to be the gender that dominates in the field of Science. The science industry is something that is perceived to be manly, and not pursued by women. This is an unfortunate assumption of the science industry. The only reason women are not the face of science is because the field is biased. Biased in 2016? Absolutely. Discrimination against women in the workplace is nothing new, especially in the field of science. There has been some change but not nearly the change women deserve. â€Å"The battle of the sexes is far from over† Loder (2000) I couldn’t agree more. The field of science needs to catch up with the times. How can you be more gender biased than the rest of the world? It’s almost as bad as politics, at least Hilary Clinton is able to run for President of the United States. She may not win but that’s neither here nor there. The Industry of Science needs a wake-up call over sexual equality. Women getting passed up for jobs, promotions and even tenure due to nothing more than the fact they were born female at birth. How fair is that? Their education and credentials are above and beyond what is required. â€Å"I have learned that when it comes to prejudice it doesn’t seem to matter so much what the facts are- many men have already decided that women are innately less good at this or that, and data saying otherwise won’t always get them to change their minds,’ says the professor of Neurobiology, Developmental Biology, andShow MoreRelatedDiscrimination Against The Engineering Field1527 Words   |  7 PagesThere is lots of discrimination against in the engineering field. Through my research and judging from the articles that I found, it shows that gender stereotypes is still prevalent in the engineering field. There’s still discrimination against women in the classrooms to the p rocess of employment and carries off to the engineering industry. The discrimination keeps women from wanting to try and be in the STEM field, thinking of the that these fields are only for men. Some areas of science do attract moreRead MoreGeneral Science and GATTACA1001 Words   |  5 PagesGeneral Science is a study involving biology, chemistry, physics and environmental sciences. Students from Year 7 to Year 10 are introduced to these various disciplines to gain general knowledge about science and can later be develop into deeper concepts. Science is not just fat laboratory coats, Einstein’s equations, mixing chemicals, massive space shuttles, or peeking through microscopes but involves critical thinking, analysing data and apply understandings in the natural world to solve real problemsRead MoreFactors Affecting The Airline Industry1330 Words   |  6 PagesIntroduction: The September 11 attacks left a major impact that the airline industry is yet to recover from. Extended recession and increasing oil prices are the other major factors affecting the growth of the airline industry. At this scenario, the airlines operating with unoccupied seats make huge losses and sometimes the airliner even goes bankrupt; for instance, the kingfisher airlines in India has gone bankrupt due to failure in managing the unoccupied seats and inefficient management in theirRead MoreThe Theories Of Individual Career Development977 Words   |  4 Pagesthat this is not the case. The theories about individual career development suggest that people form concepts of themselves (self-concepts), which they then match to the images they develop of the occupational world (Greene and Stitt-Gohdes, 1997). Industry experts agree that gender stereotypes as debated in the social role theory, create a vast barrier to their attempt to transform the image of the construction sector Recent studies among university graduates found that male and female students, stillRead MoreEffects of Genetic Discrimination839 Words   |  3 Pagesunderstand the diseases that plague us, but can also prevent diseases that could potentially be harmful to us. However America’s history of discrimination has taken over this new revolution also. Despite our revolutionized and civilized culture, America still suffers the cruel grip of evil that lies behind many legal documents and contracts. Genetic Discrimination is when people are treated differently by their employer or insurance company because they have or are perceived to have a gene mutationRead More Women and Technolgy - The Gender Gap in Computer Science Essay1719 Words   |  7 PagesGap in Computer Science Abstract: This paper reviews the gender gap that exists in computer science. By analyzing the probable causes of the divide, solutions may be developed and possibilities of minimizing the gap increase. Although the general public’s efforts toward shrinking the divide subsist, modern society must change its views of women before the technological world can fully appreciate women’s talents. A gender gap undeniably exists in the field of computer science. Hundreds of headlinesRead MoreThe Gender Pay Gap1639 Words   |  7 Pagesfor the pay gap can be identified (UNDP 2006): direct gender, Discrimination, in labor markets and occupational segregation. Direct discrimination occurs When people who have the same level of educational attainment and work experience are treated differently because of their gender: different pay levels for the same work or different job requirements for the same pay level. Efforts and achievements in the field of direct discrimination have been made in many countries by passing laws or establishingRead MoreThe Role Of Women During World War I1545 Words   |  7 Pagesto the shortage of men. Ever since this phenomenon, there has been a significant change in the number of women in the work force. However, this does not discount the fact that women are still subject to gender discrimination, lower salaries, and lack of respect in the professional industry. Improvements to the equality system have been made, but the problem is far from being fixed. Though the number of women joining the work force is increasing, the level equality between the two genders in the workplaceRead MoreThe Equal Opportunity Act ( 2010 )1734 Words   |  7 P agesIntroduction In recent years, many industries such as tourism and hospitality in the workplace have undergone numerous discrimination cases. The Equal Opportunity Act (2010) is legislation that protects people. That applies to employers, but also defends all workers, included full/part time worker and interns. (Australian Human Rights Commission 2014). Under the law, discrimination, prejudice, racism, as well as sexual harassment, are individual behaviours, which are connected to insulting, speakingRead MoreThe Science Behind Race1185 Words   |  5 PagesComplicity: The Science Behind Race â€Å"And thus in the Land of the Color-line I saw, as it fell across my baby, the shadow of the Veil. Within the Veil was he born, said I; and there within shall he live, - a Negro and a Negro’s son. Holding in that little head- ah, bitterly! - the unbowed pride of a hunted race, clinging with that tiny dimpled hand – ah, wearily!- to a hope not hopeless but unhopeful, and seeing with those bright wondering eyes that peer into my soul a land whose freedom is to

Financial Analysis Project Starbucks - 2056 Words

David Pulido Mr. Norcio Financial Management 22 April 2015 Financial Analysis Project Starbucks is a privileged company connected to millions of customers every day with great products in the market and more than 20,000 retail stores in 65 countries. Starbucks day to day mission is to serve the best coffee, which is why they have all their coffee grown under the best standards of quality. Starbuck’s coffee employees or the people in charge to get the coffee, travel to coffee farms in different parts of the world to select the beans with the best quality possible. Starbucks have a total of stores of 20,519 in 65 countries; their stores are really good for studying, having meetings and many different things, which is why people look†¦show more content†¦Competitors as said before can be Dunkin’ Brands Group, Inc., McDonald’s Corp. For Suppliers, there are Farmers Support Centers in Costa Rica, Dairy Products from Suppliers in the U.S., Canada and the U.K., Specialty Suppliers including Nicaragua which is a major e xporter of coffee. The company will embrace diversity as an essential component in a way to respect everyone’s business and apply the best standards of excellence to the purchasing and fresh delivery of the coffee; Starbucks is concentrated in giving the customers the best coffee, which also includes the service because service is what attracts people in all type of markets. Starbuck’s usual customers are college students, people with jobs, or just a person who wants to have a coffee in store. SWOT Analysis Strengths: Good brand, big market share, global attend and comfortable for customer. Weaknesses: Many products, not cheap and relationships with suppliers. Opportunities: Good quality products, market shares, and many others. Threats: weather, coffee prices, transportation. Starbucks offers a variety of products with great quality, that customers enjoy in stores, homes, and on the go. This

Scope and Integration Management

Question: Discuss about the Scope and Integration Management. Answer: Introduction This report introduces a public sector project that was delivered two years back in the local area of the author. The project was on organizing a self defense workshop for the people of the authors locality (Tironi and Farias 2015). The report gives the description of the project along with the list of questions that are to be asked to the project manager, sponsor, contractor and the client. The report gives the comparison of the stakeholders regarding the success of the project. The report also provides the discussion on the meetings for all the stakeholders regarding the objectives along with justification of utilization of the resources. The techniques used to plan the scope of the project are been discussed in the subsequent sections along with the issues faced regarding budget, allocation, and scheduling. Discussion Description of the Project It had been seen in the recent past that a lot of crimes had taken place in the area where the author resided. A lot of women and girls were been sexually harassed by the people of bad intentions. Even young children are been kidnapped, young and elderly persons were been abused by the local gangsters for the purpose of robbery. Due to this reason, a project was been initiated to organize a workshop by the defense experts for the purpose of providing training on self defense. It was a two week workshop where an extensive training on the martial art, Krav Maga was been given to the common people especially the women and the girls (Bell 2014). Through the help of this project, it was expected that the local people will be able to defend themselves if they were in the trap of physical abuse or any other situation similar to it. Krav Maga ia actually a form of martial art which helps for overcoming a much stronger enemy. Such art is generally suitable for women as in general form, they a re petite in comparison with the attackers in case of sexual assault. The stakeholders of the project were the local contracting company, who had accepted to execute the project. The other stakeholders were the local municipality who were the owner of the area where the workshop was conducted. On the other words, they were the client of the project. There were other people such as the project manager who made the overall planning for the successful completion of the project (Beringer, Jonas and Kock 2013). There was also an NGO organization, which used to sponsor the entire project regarding finances. Initially, the meeting was done with the client, the local municipality where all the objectives of the project were finalized starting from the area of the training centre and workshop. All the objectives, which were been finalized were documented by the project manager (Kerzner 2013). The project manager then planned to set the start and the end date of the project, made an estimation of the requirement of materials and manpower. The project manager also made the estimation of the total cost for the development of the entire project, which included the material and the manpower cost. The material resource was been used for the development of workshop stage, seats and light and the manpower requirement was there for defense trainer. The NGO organization was then contacted for the purpose of sponsorship of the project (Ackermann et al. 2014). Further, a contractor was hired for the purpose to take the responsibility for delivering the materials for preparation of the stage along with the martial arts trainer. As per the available fund accumulated by the NGO company who in turn was also the project sponsor, the project manager started the developmental work of the workshop on the stipulated date. The project was completed after 15 days from its start date. The whole process was over through an efficient planning of the available resources. Optimum utilization of the material and manpower was done by the project manager to get the workshop done (Beringer and Georg Gemunden 2012). The development of the stage and seats in the workshop was done in an effective manner and the training of Karva Maga martial art was conducted properly as per the planned schedule. The project was started in the first day of January 2014 and ended after fifteen days. There were no great issues, which created obstruction during the workshop. At the end of the fifteenth day in January, it was declared by the project manager that the entire project has been completed (Binder 2016). It was a great pleasure for the local people, especially the female as they felt a sense of relief for being trained in an art which will help them to enable self protection. Many women felt the fruitful results in hand when they faced situations which were not favorable to them. List of Questions to be Asked to the Project Stakeholders Questions to be asked to the Project Manager How should the ideas of the project be communicated? What communication tools should be used? What is the structure for communication flow? What is the model of the process to be used? How the management of the workflow be done? How will the alert be generated if any problem arises? Who will take the responsibility of the project? Will all the requirements be reached through the project? What is the procedure for translating the priorities of the project into the estimations, iterations, and processes? Questions to be Asked to the Project Sponsor Make an establishment from the project sponsor for the reason of the situation which has a demand for a solution. For an instance, is there a requirement for the creation of a new revenue stream? Has the sponsor of the project gives the description of the organizational risk if the project is not executed? If the project is not there then will it affect the client? If so then how will the client get affected? Is the project gets affected by the people who work on behalf of the organization? Are there other people who get affected by not having the project? Questions to be Asked to the Client What is the exact requirement and what are not required? What are the issues been faced? What is the process for approval? Who are the people making the decisions? What are the expectations? What is the budget and what is the time for starting the project? What can be viewed as the success? What is the action to be taken next and what is the time for action? What is the help required to implement the project in a better way? Questions to be Asked to the Contractor Will the itemization of the project bidding be done? Is the bid there to be an estimation of the fixed price? How long is the contractor doing the business in the area? What are the main suppliers? What is the schedule? Who will be there on a daily basis during the execution of the project? How will the communication on the daily project activities be done? What part of the project provides the concern? What will be done if there is an order for a change? How will the need for making a decision be felt? What kind of documentation will be received after the completion of the project? Comparison of the Stakeholder Views Regarding Project Success As per the opinion of the project manager, the project had come to a successful completion. The resources available were utilized in the optimum level starting from the manpower to materials (Turner 2016). The aim of the project was to provide training in martial arts to the local people especially the women through a two week workshop so that they can ensure self defense in case of unpleasant situations. As it was found later that the people who took the training were able to defend themselves in major cases, it implied that the objectives have been met adequately. As there was an entry fee imposed for the workshop, several footfalls led to a larger number of revenues. As there was a proper balancing in between the accounting, human resource while conducting the project, the project manager had the opinion that it was a successful task. The project sponsor had also stated that the amount invested in the development of the project had given a good return (Heldman 2013). The project sponsor had the opinion that a sum was invested for a good purpose and had created a good amount of delight in the local people's mind. The sponsor of the project had a question in the mind whether the investment is going to the correct path. A lot of gathering of people for taking the training of self defense and successfully applying those skills in their personal lives proved that the investment was successful in the segment. The client of the project was the local municipality of the government who felt that they could reach the satisfaction level of their customers, the local people, especially the women. The local area was quite polluted by the criminal activities such as physical and sexual harassment (Dickinson and Mensinga 2012). Therefore, the workshop on training of self defense had given an essence of relief to the ordinary people. The client felt that the training on martial arts had enhanced the security level of the common people from unexpected sexual assault. As per the contractors opinion, the project was completed successfully, but it would have done better if a further 10 days were granted for the refinement of work. The contractor had the opinion stating that if a further time was given to him from the stipulated time frame, then he would have supervised a further arrangement of other martial arts training to ensure versatility in defense skills (Turner and Zolin 2012). Therefore, as per the view of the contractor, the project was a success, but it would create an additional valuation if a further time or additional manpower was given to him to make the additional refinement in the given time. Stakeholder Opinions Regarding Meeting Project Objectives The stakeholders of the project were the project manager, contractor, client and the sponsor. All of the stakeholders came to a common point of view that the objectives of the project had been met successfully. The project manager said that the mission and vision of the project had been reached (Hwang and Ng 2013). The managers objectives were to implement the project through effective utilization of the available resources. Such objectives were reached through an efficient level of planning. The client was very much delighted with the completion of the project as they felt that the arrangement of the self defense workshop had created a good impression in the local peoples mind. They felt that they have achieved a good faith in the localities (Boulmetis and Dutwin 2014). The client, therefore the local municipality had approved the project to create a sense of relief to the local people. As the training was incorporated in a well planned manner during the workshop, they thought that the purpose had been successfully served. The sponsor had provided fund support for the project so that a proper arrangement of the self defense workshop can be accommodated. As a good number of people had participated in taking the training of Karv Maga in the workshop, a good number of revenue was earned from their entry fees. The training actually became very much fruitful for the people when they utilized the skills in the emergency situations they faced. As the workshop served the purpose for training the people staying in the local area and giving a good amount of return from the entry fees, the sponsor felt that the objectives were successfully met (Unger, Gemunden and Aubry 2012). They had a feeling that investment had been done in a good segment. The contractor of the project felt that the project had served the purpose. He also felt that if he would have given a further support for additional manpower in the given time frame for additional training in other martial arts or a further ten days for the completion of the workshop, then he would have provided an additional refinement (McLeod, Doolin and MacDonell 2012). If such refinement was done, then it would have enhanced the skills of the people during the training regarding protection. Therefore as per his opinion, the project had met its objectives, but some drawbacks were left. Justification of the Project Regarding Investment of the Resources As per the views of the stakeholders, therefore the project manager, sponsor, and the client had the common opinion that the available resources, such as the manpower, materials and money were utilized in a proper way for getting the expected output. The project manager had the feeling that the workshop for self defense had provided the expertise to the common people especially the women for protecting themselves (Fleisher and Bensoussan 2015). The project had also given a good amount of return from the entry fees as the footfalls were quite high in the fifteen days of the workshop. The higher number of revenues denoted higher profit margin. Such opinion gave the justification that the resources were been utilized properly. The project sponsor opined that as the investment was done for the social welfare, which gave a good return, therefore the project had given a justification of the resources expended. The client of the project provided the statement that as the area was highly affected by criminal activities, such workshop on self defense would give a sense of relief to the local people especially the women (Xu et al. 2014). Therefore, the available resources, such as the available area for workshop, manpower for expert training, money and materials had been utilized to generate an output which can be beneficial for the humanity. The project contractor had the opinion that the available resources had been utilized in the way which had led to development of the defense skills of the local people. But he thought that a further efficient planning should be done through an extension of time or addition of manpower so that other skills of martial arts would be taught to the people participating in the workshop. This would have enhanced their confidence regarding self defense. Analysis and Engagement of the Stakeholders in the Project The whole project regarding development of training on self defense was done through effective analysis and engagement of the stakeholders (Cameron and Green 2015). The project manager was hired after checking the level of expertise and experience in development of similar kind of projects. He was given the sole responsibility to interact with the client to understand the requirement and to select and contact the project sponsor and contractor. The project manager had made a proper planning including project start and end date, manpower, material and money requirement. He executed the plans accordingly which denoted that work had been done as per expectations. The client was the local municipality who were engaged on a constant basis to know the exact requirement for self defense training workshop (Goetsch and Davis 2014). The client had the expectation to have regular updates about the work progress. Such information was provided to him up to the project completion. Therefore, they were satisfied with the matter that their expectations were met. The project sponsor was selected after checking their financial health and their past performance. How fast they can provide the finance for the project was the prime matter of concern. They were engaged in the project for periodic financing (Stacey 2012). Their expectations were met as the investments were done for executing the prime milestones of the project. The contractor was hired who can execute the work in the given timeframe with reasonable cost. The contractor was given a responsibility to be engaged to execute the project for extensive hours. Throughout the project, the contractor proceeded in such way that the execution of the workshop were been done as per his expectations (Heagney 2012). In the final stage, he realized that if further time was provided or additional manpower were been given to him then there would be a better arrangement of further training in other skills of martial arts. Therefore, the expectations of him were partially met. Techniques Used to Plan the Scope The techniques that were used for planning the scope were rigorous meetings and expert judgment respectively. Through the help of these techniques, the plan for project management, the project charter, environmental factors of enterprise, organizational assets had been prepared to deliver the requirements of the management plan along with the scope (McNeil, Frey and Embrechts 2015). The level of the scope had been managed through the creation of the Work Breakdown Structure (WBS). The WBS was based on the decomposition of the activities of the project, which led to updates for project documentation. A rigorous analysis of the benefit of the training in self defense were done through questionnaires and surveys on the local people and observation on the area where they reside. The requirements had been collected from the client for defining, validating and controlling the scope (Krafft, Stol and Fitzgerald 2016). Proper planning, monitoring and controlling were done before and througho ut the project to react on any change requests. Level of Integration and Coordination of the Project Management Functions The initiation of the project was done in a proper way through survey, expert analysis and discussion. The project manager and his team members had jotted the requirements from the client. The sponsor was selected for financing and contractor was been hired for implementation of the project (Krajewski, Ritzman and Malhotra 2013). During the planning stage, extensive research was done to integrate the manpower, materials, and monetary resources to generate the optimum output. A proper execution was done as per the planning through an effective coordination between the project manager, the contractor, the sponsor and the client. Such coordination resulted to a successful close out of the project. The self defense program was initiated with utmost care and it generated a huge response among the common (Heagney 2012). There were a lot of revenues earned from huge footfalls in the workshop as the entry fees. The majority of the stakeholders gave a positive review regarding the project as it resulted in both monetary and non-monetary gains. Only the contractor stated that an additional time or manpower would have added a further refinement for the project. There were positive reviews from the audience who took the training in martial arts as it benefitted them in their personal lives. Issues Faced Impacting the Budget, Procurement and Schedule of the Project Some issues that were faced during the execution of project are as follows, Issues Impacting Budget There were times when the expert trainers working under the contractor demanded overtime allowances during the extended hours of each day of the workshop, which were out of the plan and affected the budget of the project badly (Stacey 2012). An extra tax was demanded by the state government for the development of the stage for the workshop. Issues Impacting Procurement The project sponsor was not providing monetary support during the mid of the project which obstructed the hiring of further defense experts. There was an agreement stating that no further defense trainers can be hired during the project which created a problem during project execution when few trainers were suffering from critical illness while conduction of the workshop. Issues Impacting Schedule A few numbers of local protestors were there who tried to hamper the workshop as they thought that it could affect their activities badly. Those protestors were actually the criminals from whom the local people have suffered a lot especially the women. Such obstructions postponed the workshop for a day affecting the overall schedule (Goetsch and Davis 2014). As a result, the trainers had to indulge themselves for an extended period in the other days when the problem was fixed. Conclusion The entire report gives the description and analysis of the project done for the sake of safety and security of the common people. It has been realized that the project has served the purpose of the stakeholders in various dimensions along with the target audience. Only, the contractor had the opinion that if a further time or manpower were provided, then there would be an additional refinement resulting to better training of the people. From the above discussions, it can be concluded that such refinement should be done in the timeframe if a similar project is done further. All the issues which impacted the project should also be taken into consideration in similar projects to avoid hazardous situations. If such planning, integration, coordination, and execution is done in an efficient way then it will provide improved results for the forthcoming projects of similar type. References Ackermann, F., Howick, S., Quigley, J., Walls, L. and Houghton, T., 2014. 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